The learners are expected to:
a. Explain the purpose and characteristics of descriptive research. b. Differentiate survey and case study.
c. Identify the different types of Descriptive research d. Discuss the advantage and disadvantages of Descriptive research e. Answer the drills correctly
II. OUTLINE OF CONTENTS
A. DEFINITION OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
B. CHARACTERISTICS OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
C. ADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
D. DISADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
E. TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
F. TECHNIQUES UNDER THE DESCRIPTIVE METHOD OF RESEARCH
1. Research Methods and Thesis Writing Second Edition
Authors: Lawrentina Paler-Calmorin/ Melchor A. Calmorin 2007
Manila: Rex Bookstore
2. Methods of Research and Thesis Writing
Authors: Jose F. Calderon/ Expectacion C. Gonzales
3. Research for All disciplines
Authors: Alpino Garcia/ Jose Junel M. Nuevo/ Edgardo N. Sapa 2007
Mutya Publishing House, Inc.
6 Baltazar St, Pachero Vill. Balubaran, Valenzuela City Pg. 74-76
4. http://www.experiment-resources.com/research-designs.html#ixzz1y7sbwYjy 5. http://www.mc3edsupport.org/community/knowledgebases/types-of-research-design-800.html
A. INITIAL ACTIVITY
Game: Text Twist
1. The class is divided into four groups.
2. There will be jumbled letters and the class will arrange it correctly and will give their idea about the word. 3. The class will be given 3 points for the complete correct answer and 1point if they only get the word but not the meaning. B. Discussion proper by the presenters
V. DISCUSSION OF CONTENTS
Descriptive Research may be defined as a purposive process of gathering, analyzing, classifying, and tabulating data about prevailing conditions, practices, beliefs, processes, trends, and cause-effect relationships and then making adequate and accurate interpretation about such data with or without the aid of statistical methods.
CHARACTERISTICS OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH:
1. Descriptive research ascertains prevailing conditions of facts in a group or case under study. 2. It gives either a qualitative or quantitative, or both, description of the general characteristics of the group or the case under study. 3. What caused the prevailing conditions is not emphasized. 4. Study of conditions at different periods of time maybe made and the change or progress that took place between the periods may be noted or evaluated for any value it gives. 5. Comparisons of the characteristics of two groups or cases may be made to determine their similarities and differences. 6. The variables or conditions studied in descriptive research are not usually controlled. 7. Descriptive studies, except in case studies are generally cross-sectional, that is, it studies the different sections belonging to the same group. 8. Studies on prevailing conditions may or can be repeated for purposes of verification and comparison.
ADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH:
1. It contributes to the formulation of principles and generalization in behavioral sciences. This is especially true in casual-cooperative and correlational studies. 2. It contributes much to the establishment of standard norms of conduct, behavior, or performance. 3. It reveals problems or abnormal conditions so that remedial measures maybe instituted. 4. It makes possible prediction of the future on the basis of reactions of people toward certain issues. 5. It gives a better understanding of phenomena on the basis of an in-depth study of the phenomena. 6. It provides a decision making.
7. It helps fashion many of the tools with which we do in research such as...
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