Description of the Disease

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Description of the disease

Diabetes is a life-threatening disease, in which the body does not produce or improperly produce insulin. The cause of diabetes can be related to genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercises. There are two types of diabetes. Type I diabetes affects children and young adults. This type of diabetes occurs when the body does not produce insulin. In this case the patient needs to take insulin injections daily to replace the missing insulin. On the other hand, Type II diabetes is when the body has a resistance to insulin combined with relative insulin deficiency. Even though the body produces insulin, the sugar has a hard time getting from the blood to the working cells.

Diabetes usually presents symptoms, such as frequent urination, hunger, and increased thirst due to the lack of enough water in the human body. People who have diabetes also commonly show signs of UTI (Urinary Track Infection). A UTI usually occurs when bacteria clings to the opening of the urethra and subsequently multiplies. One of the symptoms that people with UTI experience is pain in the urethra or bladder during urination. Individuals with UTI may also find themselves walking up frequently in the middle of the night with a sudden need to urinate. Another symptom diabetes may experience is a increase in hunger. Untreated diabetes has lower than normal levels of insulin, a natural chemical that regulates the blood-sugar level. Ghrellin, sometimes referred to as the “hunger hormone”, is also that has very strong relation to food intake. Studies have shown that a person’s appetite increases as levels increase, ghrelin levels increase, which in turn cause an individual to become hungrier.

Diabetes also negatively affects the human body. One of the problems that people experience is a higher risk of heart attacks. According to the ADA, diabetic are at a significantly grater risk of having a heart attack versus people who do not have...
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