Task 2 links to learning outcome 2, assessment criteria 2.1 and 2.2.
Describe with examples the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development, including: - background
While children are influenced by many things, there are no stronger influences than that of their parents. Parents are usually their children’s first playmates, and while there world expands with each passing year, parental influence is still one of the greatest factors in determining the ways in which the child will grow and develop.
Background: Naturally parents want to see their children do well. Sometimes though in an effort to keep kids safe, parents inadvertently hold their children back from exploring the world around them, lessening their chances to learn and progress. While it is understandable to want to shelter children from harm parents who are over protective can sometimes limit their child’s potential. Ideally, children should be given increasing amounts of freedom as they grow and mature, allowing them to gradually learn things and meet new people, increasing their physical, emotional and social development.
However there are many examples of the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development. Parents going through divorce proceedings or separation can be very traumatic for a child. Children of one-parent families may suffer as a single parent may not work or conversely work long hours, leaving the child with little support and open to bullying, or possibly no male role model to look up to. Children may become part of a step family, where a new partner may have children of their own, which could lead to friction between the children and unhappiness for the child being picked on, leading to issues of low self esteem, lack of confidence in own ability.
A parent’s attitude towards education and standards of education can have a detrimental affect on a child’s development. If the parents had a bad experience of the education system themselves, have no qualifications or little or no aspirations to work this sets an example for the child and the child is likely to not apply themselves and fall into the same cycle as their parents.
Children who come from a lower socio-economic background are more likely to be in poverty. This can lead to lower expectations of the child, from both the parents and the education system, leaving them with little, or no hope of getting out of poverty.
For many children who come from a looked after care status, moving around from care home to care home can lead to many negative issues such as low self esteem, lack of self respect, increased levels of truancy as they feel not wanted or that they don’t belong. Children in looked after care status may be looked after by grand parents. Lack of money for pensioners may lead to little or no activities for the child and they may not be able to go out and play, have few friends or be bullied by their peers. Much depends on the grandparent’s age and their ability to be able to encourage and promote activities with the child.
Health: Parents who eat well and are physically active provide great examples for growing kids. Offering children a nutritious diet rich in minerals and vitamins provides them with the necessary nutrients to support healthy growth and development. Additionally encouraging active play and incorporating physical activity into daily life will help children build muscle, increase co-ordination and develop self confidence. While young children have a tendency to run and play, older children are likely to develop habits similar to those of their parents. If, for no other reason than to instil good habits to their children, parents should make every effort to sustain an active and healthy lifestyle.
However, a child with a prolonged illness that leads to hospitalisation and prolonged treatment may suffer...