Describe with Examples How Schools May Demonstrate and Uphold Their Aims:

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1.1. Identify the main types of state and independent schools: ----------------------------- P161 1.2. Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ P168 1.3. Describe roles and responsibilities of: --------------------------------------------------------- P174 1.4. Describe the roles of external professionals who may work with a school: --------- P194 1.5a. Define the meaning of Aims: -------------------------------------------------------------------- P205 1.6b. Define the meaning of Values: ----------------------------------------------------------------- P206

1.1. Identify the main types of state and independent schools: Over the past ten years there are an increase in the types of school that are offering education within England and Wales. The new association’s government is focusing to expand educational provision to further and ensure every child and young person to have a range of choice to enable them to access a school that will meet their individual needs. Between the ages of five to sixteen every child and young person in England and Wales are entitled to a free place at a state school. Approximately ninety three per cent of children are educated in state-maintained schools; the majority are referred to as mainstream or ordinary schools. Mainstream schools are all funded by the local authorities, follow the national curriculum and are regularly inspected by the Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Service and skills (Ofsted). Different types of schools will run in different ways, implementing different policies and serving different educational needs. The School Standards and Framework Act, 1998 identifies four main categories of state-maintained school: community, foundation, voluntary-controlled and voluntary-aided.

School Type| Description|
Community School| The Local Authority (LA) employs the school’s staff, own the school’s land and buildings and has the primary responsibility for deciding admission criteria arrangements, these are used to allocate places if the school has more applications than places. (Such as catchment area). Community schools look to develop strong links with local community, sometimes offering use of their facilities and providing services like childcare and adult learning classes.| Foundation Schools and Trust Schools| Foundation schools are run by their own governing body, which employs the staff and sets the admission criteria. Land and building are usually owned by the governing body or a charitable foundation. The Foundation appoints the majority of governors. A Trust school is a type of foundation school which forms a charitable trust with an outside partner for example, a business or educational charity, aiming to raise standards and explore new ways of working. The decision to become a Trust school is taken by the governing body in consultation with parents.| Voluntary Aided Schools| Many of these schools are religious or faith schools. The governing body employs the staff and decides admission arrangements. Land and buildings are normally owned by a charitable foundation often a Religious Organization. The governing body contributes towards the capital costs of running the school. Most aided schools are linked to either the Church of England or the Roman Catholic Church, but there are some schools linked to other faith or non-denominational groups.| Voluntary Controlled Schools| Voluntary-controlled schools are a cross between community and voluntary-aided schools. The local authority employs the staff and sets the entrance criteria, like a community school, but the school land and buildings are normally owned by a charity foundation, often a Christian Denomination. This also appoints some members of the governing body. | Within the state schools system described above, there are a...
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