The federal government of the U.S. is the national government of the constitutional republic of fifty states that is known as the United States of America. The federal government comprises of three branches of government: a legislative, an executive, and a judiciary. These branches and their various powers are explained in the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution grants numerous powers to Congress. These include the powers to levy and collect taxes, to coin money and regulate its value, provide for punishment for counterfeiting, establish post offices and roads, promote progress of science by issuing patents, create federal courts inferior to the Supreme Court combat piracies and felonies, declare war, raise and support armies, provide and maintain a navy, make rules for the regulation of land and naval forces, provide for arm and discipline the militia, exercise exclusive legislation in the District of Columbia, and to make laws necessary to properly execute powers.
First, the legislative branch consists of two groups, the House of Representatives and the Senators. Over the two centuries since the United States was formed, many disputes have arisen over the limits on the powers of the federal government. These disputes have often been the subject of lawsuits that have ultimately been decided by the House that currently consists of 435 voting members, each of them represents a congressional district. The number of representatives each state has in the House is based on each state's population as determined in the most recent United States Census. All 435 representatives serve a two-year term. Each state receives a minimum of one representative in the House. In order to be elected as a representative, an individual must be at least 25 years of age, and must have been a U.S. citizen for at least seven years. There is no limit on the number of terms a representative may serve. In addition to the 435 voting members,... [continues]
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