Describe the Scientific Advances of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries and Their Impact on Society

Topics: Scientific method, Scientific revolution, Science Pages: 12 (4444 words) Published: December 7, 2012
Question: 2.Describe the scientific advances of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and their impact on society Mico University College
Student`s name: Chante Jackson
Student`s Id: 1121610116

Course name: Revolutions
Lecturer: Ms. A Jackson
Due Date: October 25, 2012
Essay Plan
* The introduction gives some brief information on the scientific revolution and then it zooms in to give information on what took place in the 17th and 18th century * The body start with the 17th century scientific advances made by the different natural philosophers/ scientist * The body continues with the 18th century advances

* The impacts of these advances on the society comes next * The conclusion/summary of all that was discussed follows

The scientific revolution was one of many inventors and innovations and one in which many experiments were being done without the churches permission and opinion. According to an article posted on which states that “The scientific revolution was a period in history beginning in the late 1500s when scientific ideas began to be consciously put to use by European society. It is generally thought to have begun with a book, On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres by Nicolaus Copernicus in 1543.” This book clearly defined or contradicts the belief of the Roman Catholic Church that the earth was at the center of the universe. The knowledge of ideas was basically spread by an innovation and invention called the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg. This invention made the spread of scientific ideas easy rather than when information/documents were being printed one at a time with the human hand that was very expensive. Another important thing to note about the scientific revolution was the development of the scientific method. According to an article posted on, “The scientific method was invented by Sir Francis Bacon. This method enabled all experiment to use a hypothesis. He criticized the Greek notion that deduction was sufficient to access all information needed. The scientific method began to be applied to all technical areas from astronomy to farming. These advances generally made life easier and understanding broader.” “The revolution in science began with persons such as Copernicus, Paracelsus, Vesalius, and others in the 16th century and reached full flower in the 17th century” ( The 17th century produced scientist/natural philosophers such as Isaac newton, René Descartes, Galileo, Francis Bacon, Simon Stevin, Johannes Kepler and many others. The 18th century brought about the likes of Jethro Tull, Eli Whitney, James Watt, Thomas Newcomen and John Kay. Most of these persons were influential in the Industrial Revolution. In this essay I will be elaborating on the scientific advances in the 17th and 18th century by these scientist/natural philosophers and the impact they and the impact they and the advances made on society. It is important to note that the 17th century includes the years from the 1601 to 1700. “During the 17th century major changes in philosophy and science took place. Before the 17th century began, science and scientists were not truly recognized. In fact, at first people like the 17th century genius Isaac Newton were called natural philosophers, since there was no concept of the word scientist for most of the 17th century”( According to James Watkins on “the 17th century saw the rise of those we now call scientists; they called themselves natural philosophers. These men caused a profound change in the culture, outlook, and lives of human beings.” “By the end of the 17th century, a scientific revolution had occurred and science had an established mathematical, mechanical, and empirical body of knowledge.” ( The invention began around

“1608 when Hans Lippershey invented the first refracting telescope, followed by...
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