Describe and Discuss Aetiologies of Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of though process and by deficit of typical emotional responses. This is characterized as psychosis as people suffering from this disorder are not in touch with reality. Symptoms of schizophrenia include positive, negative and secondary symptoms. According to Schneider, positive symptoms include hallucinations whereby you hear voices- usually arguments, repeating of thoughts, derogatory, obscene voices which may order the patient to commit acts of violence. Positive symptoms also include delusions whereby patients believe other people are trying to harm them as well as personal grandeur where they believe they are much greater, more powerful and more influential than they really are. According to Slater and Roth, negative symptoms of schizophrenia include a lack of energy, lack of interest in life and hygiene as well as the inability to make decisions. This is referred to as avoilation. Thought process disorder is also another negative symptom. This is the inability to keep to the point, words are thrown together and the inability to finish sentences. Patients experiencing negative symptoms of schizophrenia may also experience loss of emotional responses as well as sudden mood change. Secondary symptoms are additional symptoms that occur from having schizophrenia. These include depression, loss of job and friends etc. There are three main types of schizophrenia. Disorganised, catatonic and paranoid schizophrenia. Disorganised schizophrenia is an extreme expression of disorganisation syndrome. Symptoms of this include an absence of expressed emotion, delusions, loss of interest in life, irresponsibleness etc. Catatonic schizophrenia is whereby a patient may alternate between hyperactivity and stupor (psychosis). Symptoms of this include dream like posturing, waxy flexibility, withdrawal from reality etc. Paranoid schizophrenia is whereby the patient has false beliefs that people are plotting...
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