Descartes vs Nietzsche

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I'm not totally sure that you have to get rid of one or the other, but Nihilism theories seem to have a lot less explanatory power than do dualistic ones to me. In this paper I will argue that the clearest difference between Descartes and Nietzsche here is that whereas Descartes thought that ideas are passive, Nietzsche thought the opposite. Well, Descartes tries to prove the existence of God, which is the condition of establishing/ensuring an external world, including inter-subjectivity, in his view. God is a precondition of the innate ideas and connection with the surrounding world. There's no doubt in the mind of Descartes that God exist. Hence, he is claiming that faith/religion is a pre-condition of any understanding. Moreover, according to Rene Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy states “I think, therefore I am”. Descartes believed that finding one indubitable truth, together with a means for employing it, will be the foundation of a true philosophical system. Descartes' argument was that whatever doubt I may have, I cannot doubt that I am doubting - that I exist as doubting and, in general, thinking, and even an evil genius cannot trick me into thinking that I am doubting. Descartes defined the human mind as existing because it can think, and distinguished that the mind and the body are separate entities. On the other hands, Nietzsche is trying to reduce religious phenomena to psychological. The belief in God and Christianity is an attempt to escape the contingency of life by adopting the norms of a larger group. It's an expression of a sheep or slave mentality, which Nietzsche opposes. He believes in the will of one man, a strong willed man who doesn't have to live by the dogma of his civilization (he criticizes also democracy and socialism - and I'm sure that he would be equally concerned with the consumerism of today). Furthermore, in Nietzsche opinion the idea of God has been refuted by history as a psychological...
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