Descartes and Plato

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  • Topic: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics
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  • Published : February 18, 2013
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Descartes and Plato

Explain both of descartes Arguments for the existence of God Descartes proof of God's existence comes from his third meditation and is based on three ideas. He argues that innate idea exists within us, the fictitious or invented ideas are a result of our own imagination and adventitious ideas result from our experiences in the world. Descartes said, the idea of God is innate and cannot be invented. Descartes presents some arguments that lead to his conclusion. The first argument is that nothing can result to something and the cause of an idea will always have a formal reality

because the idea must have an objective reality. He argues that if an individual have God, then the idea has an infinite objective reality and therefore, the individual cannot be the cause of the idea, because he is not infinite or a perfect being or he doesn't have enough formal reality. It's only a perfect and infinite being who can be the cause of the idea. Therefore, God as an infinite reality must exist. A perfect being, is benevolent and good; implying that God is benevolent and would not deceive or allow making

errors without giving a way of correcting the errors.
The second argument Descartes gives is based on the premise that I exist, and my existence must have a cause. He gives the only possible causes are: my existence, existence of something less perfect than God and existence of God.

Out of this Descartes argues that if I had created myself, I would have created myself perfect and that if my existence
have a cause, then it doesn't solve the problem. If I'm not an independent being, then I would need the sustenance of another being. And that the perfection in me could not originate from a less perfect being. Therefore God exists.

Descartes second proof of God's existence is based on the fifth meditation on essence of material objects and it's called the ontological argument. Descartes identifies external
objects that can either be distinct and...
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