Fred S. Ward
The expression of depression in men can be very complex. There can be additional problems with measuring depression in men than with women. Men use various ways to hide and suppress their depression. Depression in men can be hidden in their being antisocial and participating in risk taking behaviors. Such behaviors can be drug and alcohol abuse, suicide, road rage, extra sexual activities or adventures, gambling, binge drinking and various types of violence. This violence can result also in suicide. Men are three to five times more likely than women to die from suicide. Depression is the most commonly associated condition with mood disorders (Jensen, H., Munk, K. P., and Madsen, S., 2010). A range of feelings are often used by men to describe depression. These feeling can include rejection, disappointment, prolonged grief, annoyance, alienation, isolation, anxiety, fear, defeat, insecurity and desperation. For depression to result from these feelings they need to be felt for a certain period of time and they tend to spiral into a negative outlook on themselves or on life itself (Brownhill, S., Wihelm, K,. Barclay, L., & Schmied, B, 2005).
When feelings of depression get too strong or last too long many men then seek to numb the depression. They often do this by engaging in behaviors such as taking drugs or consuming alcohol. They may try to escape from depression by doing the behaviors mentioned or they may try to indulge heavily in a sport or in buying fancy things or in eating too much.
There continues to be an increase in suicide rates in older men. This creates a challenge for a better detection method and diagnosis of depression. This increase could indicate that there are many aging depressed men that do not get diagnosed and remain untreated, resulting in suicide for some. More study is needed to determine how men perceive and act in regards to stress in late live. Older men’s coping ability may have changed or deteriorated. Older men in general may only use two types of coping strategies with their depression. They try to behave as life used to be, or they try to avoid or distract themselves from the stress, but not really doing anything to solve the problem (Jensen, et al., 2010)
Causes of Depression
There can be biological risk factors for depression. One of these can be genetics. This can be indicated if there are some people in your family history with depression. Other factors can be brain disorders of various types or sleep disorder problems.
There can be difficult family issues that cause or influence depression. One of these involves when a person is very young. You can have impaired attachment, which is caused by parents not holding you enough and caring for you adequately when you are young. If a man had a depressed father, he may model some of the depressed behaviors of his father.
Depression can result from negative thought patterns. This happens when people have unrealistic thoughts about something being worse than it is. For example, a man may not advance in his career very much and he may think that he has failed in taking care of his family as well as he should have.
Depression will sometimes result from impactful and negative life events. This could result from a man losing his job and not being able to find another one. He may then worry too much about not having a good way to provide for his family and entirely blame himself for this situation. It has been shown that there is genetic variants shown to change the tendency of developing depression in response to traumatic life events as well, such as being in a hurricane (Karestan C. Koenen, 2007).
A man may not be able to sleep enough or have a physical illness for a long time or have constant pain in a part of his body or have constant headaches. When these types of negative physical symptoms occur it can lead to...