Depression

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Olympian preparatory and english school|
Depression|
The things that you need to know about depression|
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Danica G. Perez|
4th year|
2012-2013

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W
hat is Depression?
Depression is uncomfortable mental state that may be characterized by such adjectives as blue, dejected, or discouraged, in psychology, mood or emotional state marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and reduced the ability to enjoy life. In ordinary usage it refers to a mood state which is called dysthemia, as contrasted with the normal state of euthymia and the opposite state of elation. In psychiatric usage, disorders of mood are called affective disorders; depression can be such a disease in itself or a symptom of another mental disorder. On the other hand, depression is not a sign of weakness or a negative personality. It is a major public health problem and a treatable medical condition. Women are more often affected than men, by two to one ratio, and they seem to be at particular risk in the period prior to menstruation or following childbirth. Myy about depression?

yths about Depression
Myths about depression and its treatment:
* It is a weakness rather than an illness.
* If the sufferer just tries hard enough, it will go away. * If you ignore depression in yourself or a loved one, it will go away. * Highly intelligent or highly accomplished people do not get depressed. * People with developmental disabilities do not get depressed. * People with depression are "crazy."

* Depression does not really exist.
* Children, teens, the elderly, or men do not get depressed. * There are ethnic groups for whom depression does not occur. * Depression cannot look like (present as) irritability.
* People who tell someone they are thinking about committing suicide are only trying to get attention and would never do it, especially if they have talked about it before. * People with depression cannot have another mental or medical condition at the same time. * Psychiatric medications are all addicting.

* Psychiatric medications are never necessary to treat depression. * Medication is the only effective treatment for depression. * Children and teens should never be given antidepressant medication. * Depression is a medical disease, just like diabetes.

* Depression can be inherited genetically.
T
ypes of Depression
All depression types are not the same. Major depression, also known as clinical depression, and chronic depression, also known as dysthymia, are the most common types. But there are also other types of depression with unique signs, symptoms, and treatment. Major Depressive Disorder

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, major depressive disorder is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy once-pleasurable activities. Major depressions occur in 10% to 20% of the world’s population in the course of a lifetime. There are times you may feel sad, lonely, or hopeless for a few days. But major depression or clinical depression lasts longer and is disabling. It can prevent you from functioning normally. An episode of clinical depression may occur only once in a person's lifetime. More often, though, it recurs throughout a person's life. In addition, with major depression, one of the symptoms must be either depressed mood or loss of interest. The symptoms should be present daily or for most of the day or nearly daily for at least two weeks. Also, the depressive symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning. The symptoms cannot be due to the direct effects of a substance -- drug abuse, medications -- or a medical condition, such as hypothyroidism, nor occur within two months of the loss of a loved one. For in-depth information, see WebMD's Major Depression.

Chronic Depression or Dysthymia
Chronic depression, or dysthymia, is characterized by a...
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