Depression is a common illness most people are affected by. Every person has suffered through at least one depression episode if not more. Depression does not discriminate against age, ethnicity or gender. For some people, depression is so severe they feel like it’s not worth living. Other people feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why. Definition
Depression is a medical illness that involves the mind and body. It affects how you feel, think and behave. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems (Mayo Clinic, 2011). When Depression occurs, it intervenes with daily activities and lacks the feeling of any sort of joy or happiness. It also comes between social interactions, leaving friends and family concerned. If not received help, depression may lead to thoughts about suicide. Different forms of Depression
There are several forms of depression. According to National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], (2012) Major depression is disabling and prevents a person from functioning normally. Some people may experience only a single episode within their lifetime, but more often a person may have multiple episodes. Dysthymic Disorder is characterized by at least 2 years of depressed mood for more days than not, accompanied by additional depressive symptoms that do not meet criteria for a Major Depressive Episode (American Psychiatric Association APA, 2000). Dysthymic disorder is a serious case of ongoing, chronic depression. Claimed by NIMH (2012) Unlike dsythymic disorder, minor depression is characterized by having symptoms for
two weeks or longer that do not meet full criteria for major depression. Without treatment, people with minor depression are at high risk for developing major depressive disorder. Postpartum depression, which is much more serious than the "baby blues" that many women experience after giving birth when hormonal and physical changes and the new responsibility of caring for a newborn can be overwhelming. (para.4) Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is another type of depression that is “tied to seasons of the year. Most people with SAD are depressed only during the late fall and not during the spring or summer” explained by Emedicineheath (2012). Signs and symptoms
Most people may agree they’ve seen or experience depression. Even though everyone experiences depression differently depending on their duration and severity, according to MayoClinic (2011) symptoms may include feelings of sadness or unhappiness, irritability or frustration, loss of interest or pleasure in normal activities, reduced sex drive, insomnia or excessive sleeping, changes in appetite, slowed thinking, speaking or body movements, fatigue, tiredness and loss of energy (para 1). When going through depression, it’s safe to say people are unable to basically perform daily activities. Emedicineheath (2012) reported men and women sometimes show depression differently. “Men are more likely to experience irritability, fatigue, and loss of interest in activities they liked previously as a result of depression whereas women tend to have overt sadness and feelings of worthlessness when depressed” (para 6). Depression is more common in women than men. The NIMH (2012) pointed out “Biological, life cycle, hormonal, and psychosocial factors that women experience may be linked to women's higher depression rate”. Illnesses often co-exist with Depression
Depression is a serious illness and may lead to further illnesses. According to MayoClinic (2011) “Complications associated with depression can include alcohol abuse, substance abuse, anxiety, work or school problems, family conflicts, relationship difficulties, social isolation, suicide, self-mutilation, such as cutting, premature death from other medical conditions” (para 1). Depression may also lead to Anxiety disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder,...