Ronald Oquendo Jr.
Introduction to the Study
Chapter One is divided into five parts: (1) Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study, (2) Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis, (3) Significance of the Study, (4) Definition of Terms, and (5) Delimitation of the Study. Part One, Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study, presents the rationale and the reason why the study is being conducted. Likewise, it describes the theoretical basis of the study and as well as the conceptual framework. Part Two, Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis, describes the purpose in conducting the study and enumerates the specific objectives of the study. It specifies the hypothesis to be tested in the study. Part Three, Significance of the Study, specifies the beneficiaries and the benefits they can derive from the findings of the study. Part Four, Definition of Terms, list alphabetically and define terms for the purposes of clarity and understanding. The terms are defined both conceptually and operationally. Part Five, Delimitation of the Study, identifies the coverage of the study in terms of purpose, variables, subjects, research design, research instruments used, and statistical tools.
Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study
Dengue fever is a serious and infectious disease spread by certain mosquitoes. It is very common today and people do not even know how to prevent it. This disease is very deadly.
This study is anchored in Morel’s theory stating that the need for a thorough understanding of behaviors related to management of the larval habitats of the main dengue vector, as well as treatment-seeking behavior, are very crucial. Dengue is a disease caused by a virus. It can be acquired if an infected mosquito bites a person. It is common in warm, wet areas in the world. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. Dengue is very common in warm areas. Symptoms include high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and a rash. Most people with dengue recover with in two weeks. Until then, drinking lots of fluids, resting, and taking non-aspirin fever reducing medicines might help. Sometimes dengue turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes bleeding from your nose, gums or under your skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2007). WHO stated that the burden of dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades, and it is currently classified as an emerging or re-emerging infectious disease. Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome occur in over 100 countries, with more than 2.5 billion people at risk and an estimated 50 million infections per year (World Health Organization, 2002).
Figure 1. Factors affecting the knowledge and preventive practices towards dengue fever among high school students.
Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis
This study aimed to determine the knowledge and preventive practices toward dengue fever among Dumalag Central National High School students. Specifically, this study seeks answers to the following questions: 1. What is the level of knowledge of high school students toward dengue fever? 2. What are the preventive practices of high school students toward dengue fever? 3. Is there a significant difference in the knowledge towards dengue fever of students when grouped according to age, gender, year level, and socio-economic status? 4. Is there a significant difference in the preventive practices towards dengue fever of students when grouped according to age, gender, year level, and socio-economic status? 5. Is there a significant relationship between the knowledge...