The city of Houston Texas is one of the biggest cities by population coming in behind three big name cities; New York, Los Angeles and Chicago. Houston has a population around 2.2 million people as of early 2009. (City of Houston, 2009). Over the past couple years; the city of Houston was one on of the fastest growing cities in the United States, not until recent times did the cities growth rate start to level out. Is this city growing because people are moving here or because of the rate at which babies are born? Well, Houston Texas leads the nation in teenage pregnancy which could be helping the population growth. (Chron, 2009). In Texas the birth rate is 17.1 per 1000 estimated population area. (InfoPlease, 2004).This is the highest in all the United States. These two facts alone help us to believe that the growth rate in Houston is because babies are being born at a high rate.
With Houston, Texas having the highest birth rate of the growing population, most would think the death rate would be one of the highest in the nation also. In reality this is not an accurate belief and Texas truly only has a 6.8% rate of death per 1000 population in each area which is lower than about 60% of the other states. This can be a problem for Houston and the state of Texas. If the cities and state are growing so rapidly where are the people going to go?On August 28, 2005, one of the most expensive hurricanes in United States History hit land over the Louisiana and Mississippi coast line. The storm was named Hurricane Katrina and it cost the United States of America approximately 125 billion dollars in economic losses (Science Daily, 1995-2006). Hurricane Katrina was a category five storm that displaced more than 450,000 people (Science Daily, 1995-2006). Evacuations caused the population rates for surrounding states to grow while the rates for Louisiana and Mississippi declined. In the last census performed between the periods of 1990 and 2000, Houston, Texas, had a total population of 1,953,631 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009). In 2006, the total population rate grew 8.8% to an estimated 2,144,491 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009). This population increase was due mainly to the emigration of hurricane evacuees to the Houston area. Emigration is the migration from one place to another place (The Free Dictionary.com, 2009).
During Hurricane Katrina, evacuees were not the only individuals emigrating to the Houston area. There was an increase in the Hispanic population due to the need for workers to rebuild damaged areas. Borderlands have been issue with the United States - Mexican border for some time. The textbook Sociology: A Brief Introduction, Sixth Edition states, borderlands are a term that refers to the area of common culture between Mexico and the United States of America (Schaefer, 2006). Schaefer explains how Hispanics are emigrating legally and illegally across the Mexican border to enter the United States border for jobs. Being in the area where hurricanes make land fall often creates opportunity area for emigration and immigration rates for the Greater Houston area.
In 2006, the Greater Houston...