The study of democratic governance is an effort to make a module on “Theories of Democratic Governance and Research". For this study, one of the most popular topics “Democracy” discussed and analyzed from the point of theoretical aspect, contemporary research, and application aspect. Objectives
This Knowledge Area Module (KAM) looks at democratic governance. This breadth component begins by discussing the theoretical characteristic of democracy. For this study, democratic thoughts of Aristotle, Milton Friedman, Robert Dahl, and John Dewey will be used as guides; will find out the different ideas about democracy. In Breadth component, theories of democracy of Aristotle, Milton Friedman, Robert Dahl, and John Dewey will be discussed, compared, and contrasted. The Depth demonstration will prepare an annotated bibliography that reflects contemporary research of democracy in promoting freedom and equality. In the Application part, I will come across the democracy in South Asia, its advantages and critics for a positive societal change. Summary
The breadth component will demonstrate a scholarly discussion about traditional democracy theory of Aristotle; Milton Friedman’s the role of government in a free society, Dewey’s democratic ends need democratic methods for their realization, and Dahl’s dilemmas of pluralist democracy. All these thoughts are discussed, compared, and presented contrasting view points. Aristotle’s Democracy
Aristotle’s democratic thoughts are based on bad and good form of ruling (Jowett,1885). Democracy is the rule of many, and not only the best form of government. Rather he thought monarchy is the required government, if it works for the well being of common people. Kingship has a tendency to turn into tyranny; therefore, kingship is not good enough. He was at variance with Plato’s philosopher king, but suggested for the citizen king. Aristotle’s aristocracy is...