Democracy in Pakistan

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Democracy:-Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

Background:-
Pakistan got Independence in 1947 and appeared on the world map as a Islamic Republic State. To get independent state idea was entirely based on to form the Islamic society so that its people can spend their lives in the light of Islamic principles and they can orientate the future polity, economy and mode of governance of the country.

It was a matter of grave misfortune that soon after independence we lost Quaid-e-Azam founder of Pakistan who was perhaps the only one capable leader who knew the means of true democracy, after him the nation fell into the hands of feudals and until now they are holding it due to that democracy is a blessing unknown to the people of the part of this world. After him first decade was completely unrest with political instability as many as seven prime ministers resigned or some of them were ousted. Soon After independence Liaqat Ali Khan became first prime Minister of Pakistan. He was also called the right hand of Quiad-e-Azam, the leader of Muslim League and first governor general of Pakistan. Liaqat Ali Khan had played Vital role in the independence of India And Pakistan, he also established ground work for Pakistan's foreign policy. It was Khan due to him India agreed to resolve the Kashmir issue in a peaceful manner through the efforts of United Nations. During his tenure he maintained good relations with United States and Great Britain. Liaqat Khan was assassinated on 16Oct1951 with two shot on his chest.

After Liaqat Ali Khan murdered Khawaja Nazimuddin became Prime Minister who was also second governor general of Pakistan after Quaid-e-Azam early death in 1948. During his period there was rapidly rift within the Muslim league, especially between Punjabi and Bengalis, but his period was cut short in 1953 due to religious movement began to remove the Ahmedi religious minorities from the power positions and demanded to declared them non Muslims. Before it situation became out of control Ghulam Mohammed, the Governor General asked him to step down, Khawaja resisted but he used his reserve power which allowed him to dismiss the prime minister. The dismissal of Khawaja Nazimuddin by the Governor General signalled troubling trend in Pakistan Political history. After him 1953 Muhammad Ali Bogra became the third Prime Minister, he was relatively unknown face to the people as he was serving as Ambassador to US when he was recalled to take the office of Prime Minister. As Prime Minister he set out to form a constitution. In order to complete he outlined his famous 'Bogra formula' that sought to form bicameral legislature. An upper house would have 50 seats, 10 seats from East Pakistan and 40 were from West Pakistan. Lower house contained 300 seats, the lower house seats would be determined on base of population and east Pakistan got 165 seats and remaining 135 combined seats were hold West Pakistan but would be split among the provinces. There was also put one provision if President of Pakistan were from from West Pakistan then the Prime minister would be from East Pakistan and Vice Versa, the plan was very popular but was killed when Ghulam Muhammad dissolved the Pakistan assembly in 1953. Muhammad Ali bogra was forced to resign in 1955 by Iskander Ali Mirza and he was returned to his ambassador post, In 1962 he became the foreign minister of Pakistan. From 1955 - 1958 four prime ministers came but no one stayed for long time.

This situation paved way for Pakistan’s first military takeover. General Ayub Khan was the first military leader who introduced Marshal Law in 1958 to 1969, & General Yahya Khan from 1969-1971. In Practically Pakistan remained without democratic constitution till 1973. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto became the fourth President of Pakistan from 1971-1973 and ninth...
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