Any fresh discussion of democracy in Egypt should begin at its initial westernization. Eighteenth Century Egypt was chaotic and decentralized. A renewed Mamluk order was the cause of many internal battles within Egypt's own borders. Regions of the country were often controlled independently and from time to time, Mamluks were able to attract enough support that they alone were able to dominate the country. Because of increased trade with Europe one such Mamluk, Ali Bey al-Kabir, was able to gain this support. Under his rule many facets of the military would begin to gain exposure to Western advisors and weaponry. This small amount of westernization was of course precipitated by the invasion of Napoleon. In a piece, "Freedom and Justice in the Modern Middle East," Bernard Lewis writes, "In 1798, the French Revolution arrived in Egypt in the form of a small expeditionary force commanded by a young general called Napoleon Bonaparte [representing] the principles of liberty and equality."" These ideas (liberty and equality), Lewis writes mockingly--which were supposedly widespread in western societies at the time--were poorly translated from French to Arabic and as a result misunderstood. The philosophy of these tenants is a great... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2005, 12). Democracy in Egypt. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 12, 2005, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Democracy-Egypt-73798.html
"Democracy in Egypt" StudyMode.com. 12 2005. 12 2005 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Democracy-Egypt-73798.html>.
"Democracy in Egypt." StudyMode.com. 12, 2005. Accessed 12, 2005. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Democracy-Egypt-73798.html.