Democracy and Suffrage

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Republic of the Philippines
Isabela State University
Echague, Isabela

In Partial Fulfillment of the Reports in Social Science14B (Politics, Governance, and New Constitution).

Submitted by:
Leader:
Cachin Jennifer
Member:
Engaran Faith Ann
Mercado Evangeline
Salvador Aiza Czarina
Agustin Jonah

Submitted to:
Mrs. Genevive Datul Garcia

January 14, 2013
Article V

SUFFRAGE

Meaning of Suffrage
Suffrage is the right and obligation to vote of qualified citizens in the election of certain national and local officers of the government and in the decision of public questions submitted to the people.

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SECTION 1 Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

Nature of Suffrage
(1) A mere privilege – Suffrage is not a natural right of the citizens but merely a privilege to be given or with held by the lawmaking power subject to constitutional limitations. (2) A political right – In the sense of a right conferred by the Constitution, suffrage is classified as a political right, enabling every citizen to participate in the process of government to assure that it derives its powers from the consent of the governed.

Scope of Suffrage

(1) Election – Strictly speaking, it is the means by which the people choose their officials for definite and fixed periods and to whom they entrust, for the time being as their representatives, the exercise of powers of government; (2) Plebiscite – It is the name given to a vote of the people expressing their choice for or against a proposed law or enactment submitted to them; (3) Referendum – It is the submission of a law or part thereof passed by the national or local legislative body to the voting citizens of a country for their ratification or rejection; (4) Initiative – It is the process whereby the people directly propose and enact laws; (5) Recall – It is a method by which a public officer may be removed from office during his tenure or before the expiration of his term by a vote of the people after registration of a petition signed by a required percentage of the qualified voters.

Qualifications of voters
He must be:
(1) A citizen (male or female) of the Philippines;
(2) Not otherwise disqualified by law;
(3) At least eighteen (18) years of age; and
(4) Have resided in the Philippines for at least one (1) year and in the place wherein he proposes to vote for at least six (6) months preceding he election.

Age Qualification
(1) Minimum age – Obviously, there must be some minimum age for voting. No one, no matter how ardent his belief in democracy, has ever contented that human beings must be permitted to participate in the selection of public officials from the day of their birth. (2) Basis – This suffrage qualification is based on the assumption that under a certain age, human beings do not have the maturity, experience, education, and sense of judgment that will enable them to vote with any reasonable degree of intelligence. (3) No maximum age limit – No general agreement exists as to the exact age at which the individual supposedly attains the maturity sufficient for political participation. While there is a minimum voting age in every state, no country, however, has as yet seen fit to set a maximum age limit.

Residence Qualification
(1) Period of residence – A voter must have been a permanent resident of the Philippines for at least one (1) year preceding the election and six (6) months in the province, city, or municipality where he is a voter. (2) Importance – Six (6) months residence in a province, city or municipality...
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