The framers of the Constitution established a representative democracy. Political scientists have developed at least three theories of American democracy --- pluralism, elitism, and hyper pluralism.
A.) Pluralist: Pluralism is the theory that a multitude of groups, not the people as a whole, govern the United States Elitism: elite theory is a theory of the state which seeks to describe and explain the power relationships in contemporary society Hyper pluralism: Hyper pluralism is the same as the pluralism theory with different perspective. While people who believe in pluralism is optimistic, hyper pluralism is a pessimistic and extreme.
B.) In the Pluralist theory citizens play an important role in politics. They can form groups and promote their interests (interests groups). In Elitism theories, citizens have a limited participation because of the unequal share of power, in the sense that others are favored more and those citizens in this are limited of expression.
C.) The Elitism theory is a theory that accepts group’s concerns and grievances but the power is given more to the elite (superior). This theory promotes democracy by letting individuals form groups based on common interests, but it limits them because elite’s opinions and concerns matter the most and that which is an unbalanced share of democracy. Though the participation is evident, the representation is unfair, going against ideal democracy which is for the people of the people by the people.
The Constitution has been amended over time to reflect changes in the American political system. No issue has received more attention among these amendments than that of voting rights.
A.)The 15th amendment gave all American citizens, no matter their race or wealth, the right to vote while the 19th amendment gave women the right to vote after hundreds of years of being cut off from society and their natural...