Democracy and Political Participation Series

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Democracy & Political Participation
Series

(b)
Explain
the
main
features
of
the
UK’s
democratic
system.

10
25
5

(b) Explain three forms of democratic participation.

10
25

(a) What is meant by legitimacy?

5

(b) Explain three strengths of representative democracy.

10

(c) How democratic is the UK?

25

(a) Apart from voting in elections and referendums, describe two ways of participating in politics.

5

(b) Explain the arguments in favour of lowering the voting age.

10

(c) To what extent would the wider use of referendums improve democracy in the
UK?

25

(a) Outline the key features of a referendum.

5

(b) Apart from referendums, explain three ways in which democracy in the UK could
be improved.

10

(c)
To
what
extent
does
democracy
in
the
UK
suffer
from
a
‘participation
crisis’?

25

(a) How does a referendum differ from an election?

Jan 2012

5

(c) Assess the arguments in favour of the greater use of direct democracy in the UK.

Jun 2011

25

(a) Define direct democracy.

Jan 2011

10

(c) To what extent is there
a
‘democratic
deficit’
in
the
UK?

Jun 2010

(b) In what ways has political participation declined in the UK in recent years?

(a) Define liberal democracy.

Jan 2010

5

(c) Evaluate the effectiveness of the various ways in which participation and democracy could be strengthened in the UK.

Jun 2009

Marks

(a) What are the main features of representative democracy?

Jan 2009

Exam question

5

(b) Explain the arguments in favour of making voting compulsory.

10

(c) How effectively does representative democracy operate in the UK?

25

Pressure Groups
Series

5

(b) Explain the methods used by pressure groups to influence government.

10

(c) To what extent do pressure groups promote pluralist democracy?

25

(a) What is meant by pluralism?

Jun 2009

Marks

(a) Using examples, distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure groups.

Jan 2009

Exam question

5

(b) Why is it sometimes difficult to distinguish between pressure groups and political parties?

10

(c) To what extent have pressure groups become more important in recent years? 25 (a) Using examples, distinguish between insider and outsider pressure groups.

(b) Explain three political functions of pressure groups.

10
25
5

(b) How and why do some pressure groups use direct action?

10

(c) To what extent are the largest pressure groups the most successful ones?

25

(a) Using examples, distinguish between promotional and sectional pressure groups.

5

(b) How and why do pressure groups seek to influence public opinion?

10

(c) Is pressure group politics in the UK better described as pluralist or as elitist?

25

(a) How do pressure groups promote functional representation?

Jan 2012

5

(a) Outline two differences between pressure groups and political parties.

Jun 2011

25

(c) To what extent do pressure groups undermine democracy?

Jan 2011

10

(a) Distinguish between elitism and pluralism.

Jun 2010

(b) Explain the reasons why the success of pressure groups may be limited. (c) To what extent do pressure groups promote political participation in the UK?

Jan 2010

5

5

(b) Explain three factors which may restrict the influence of a pressure group.

10

(c) Are pressure groups becoming more powerful, or less powerful?

25

Jason Tran

Democracy & Political participation
What is democracy?






A society/political system where people are able to
make/influence decisions and where the
government is accountable to the people.
Derives from Greek words demos and kratis – ‘rule
by

the
people’
Abraham
Lincoln
“government
of
the
people,
by
the

people,
for
the
people”
Political equality – each citizen has a free and equal...
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