Dementia Awareness

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Unit 237 Lianne Elliot

Outcome 1

1: The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms which include loss of memory, mood changes, and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and damage caused by a series of small strokes. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way. It is often the case that the person's family and friends are more concerned about the symptoms than the person may be themselves. Symptoms of dementia may include the following:

• Loss of memory − this particularly affects short-term memory, for example forgetting what happened earlier in the day, not being able to recall conversations, being repetitive or forgetting the way home from the shops. Long-term memory is usually still quite good. • Mood changes − people with dementia may be withdrawn, sad, frightened or angry about what is happening to them. • Communication problems − including problems finding the right words for things, for example describing the function of an item instead of naming it. In the later stages of dementia, the person affected will have problems carrying out everyday tasks and will become increasingly dependent on other people.

2:
Temporal lobe - responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning. Frontal lobe - responsible for decision making, problem solving, controling behaviour and emotions. Parietal lobe - responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness. Occipital lobe - responsible for processing information related to vision. Cerebrum lobe...
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