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Demand Side Management

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Demand Side Management

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  • July 2013
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1. INTRODUCTION
In all over the world electricity demand is getting higher day by day. Most of the electricity is taken by the fossil fuels. These fuels are pollutant and releasing GHG (Green house gases).Now a day’s Renewable energy power plants are rolling a part of meet the electricity demand. They are non-conventional and eco friendly. Solar, Wind, Hydro, Biomass, OTEC, Wave, Geothermal, Hydrogen & fuel cell these all are the types of renewable energy. Most of the electricity demand is raised from the urban areas. In rural areas electrification is very less. Because after the power generation of electricity the transmission and the distribution systems are only available on the urban areas but not in the rural areas. Rural areas are simply used to call as Remote area. Actually the rural areas are placed so far away from the transmission and distribution stations. To satisfy the rural areas electricity renewable energy systems are used. The renewable energy systems are placed near to the remote area and the electricity is directly goes through the usage of rural area’s houses. Energy Efficiency & Conservation has also assumed enhanced importance with a view to conserve depleting energy resources. Demand Side Management is the process of managing the energy consumption and consumers energy expenses. DSM used to reduce the electricity shortage and improving the reliability of the electricity supply.

1.1 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

Energy which comes from the natural resources but they are not continuous. Renewable energy sources (RER) are sustainable and they are less pollutant. Renewable energy sources are classified as Solar, Wind, Biomass, Geothermal, OTEC, Wave and Hydrogen & fuel cell. Renewable energy sources are an indigenous resource available in considerable quantities to all developing nations and capable, in principle, of having a significant local, regional or national economic impact. The use of renewable energy could help...

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