Degradation of Wetland Due to Drought Conditions and Decreasing No. of Migratory Birds in the Ghana National Bird Sanctuary, India

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  • Topic: Bird migration, Water, Siberian Crane
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  • Published : December 15, 2011
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Amod kumar Saini Matriculate - M.Sc. Forest Ecology and Management Albert-Ludwig University, Freiburg, Germany Problem/major issue
Degradation of Wetland due to drought conditions/ Decreasing No. of Migratory Birds in the Ghana National Bird Sanctuary, India

Issue   Degradation of Ghana wetland due to droughts and scanty rainfall in the region and decreasing number of migratory birds in Keoladeo Ghana National Park in India. Problem was more severe in the year 2000,2002, 2003, 2005 and 2008,When droughts were severe and rain was very rare and villagers intervention in water supply to bird sanctuary were another reasons, Which have added the pain for migratory birds.

BackgroundThe Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary, known as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, is one of the worlds most resound bird feeding and breeding grounds.  The park is over 29 square kilometres and houses 364 species of birds, including some threatened migratory birds from central Asia.  The sanctuary was established in 1981. The UNESCO listed this site on the world heritage map in 1985 considering its prominence in India and abroad due to its rich flora and fauna. The sanctuary is internationally known for its migratory bird’s especially Siberian crane during winters.  The Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary, of Rajasthan in India houses approximately 370 species of birds. Amongst them, the most prominent ones are Painted Storks, Open and Spoon Bills, Egrets, Cormorants, White Ibis, Jacanas, While Harriers, Fishing Eagles, Pied Kingfisher, etc.  However, the most awaited species of birds is the Siberian Crane. Apart from Iran, India is the only place where this bird migrates in winter.  During the peak of summer, when the waters have all but disappeared, the reserve is carpeted in dry grasslands which offer habitat to a variety of herbivores such as chital (spotted deer), sambhar, and jackals. Also Jungle cats, hares, pythons, porcupines and mongoose are seen here in summer.

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