Deforestation

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Good morning to my dedicated teacher and my diligent friends. In this salubrious morning, I am going to share with you some information about deforestation. Do you all know what deforestation is? It is actually the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestlands to farms and urban uses. The destruction of forests is occurring due to various reasons. One of the main reasons is agriculture. The forests are cut down to clear land for growing crops, build farms, ranches and other food growing lands. Next is overpopulation. When the population elevates, the people will cut down more trees for lands and later develop the land into residential areas. Third one is illegal logging. Trees are cut down indiscriminately by logging companies to fulfil the demand of wood market. This does not allow the wildlife and trees to regenerate and sustain themselves thus leading to loss of wildlife. One of the effects in deforestation are soil erosion. The roots of trees hold the particles of soil together thus, preventing the top soil from being carried away. Deforestation makes soil prone to erosion by agents such as wind and water because there are no more roots to hold the soil particles. Next is destruction of animal habitat. All animals need forests as their habitats. These forests provide a place for the animals to roam and act as a source of protection from predators. Destruction of the animals’ habitats literally kills the animals. Besides, loss medicinal plants also one of the effects of deforestation. Some trees are used as herbs. Destruction of these forests leads to destruction of medicinal plants that could be used as treatment for various ailments. Not only that, deforestation causes greenhouse effect and global warming. Nature balances the flow of energy and nutrients. In the carbon cycle, deforestation causes carbon dioxide to remain in the atmosphere....
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