Prose or verse in which the objects, events or people are presented symbolically, so that the story conveys a meaning other than and deeper than the actual incident or characters described. Often, the form is used to teach a moral lesson. Alliteration:
An alliteration is a repetition of sounds (consonants) at the beginning of neighbouring words or of stressed syllables within such words, e.g. “fingers the small size of small spades.” Purpose: rhythm and stress. Anaphora:
The anaphora is a repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of neighbouring sentences, lines, stanzas, etc. And she forgot the stars, the moon, and sun,
And she forgot the blue above the trees,
The assonance is a repetition of similar vowel sounds within stressed syllables of neighbouring words, e.g. “on the dole with nowhere to go.” Thesis- An attitude or position on a problem taken by a writer or speaker with the purpose of proving or supporting it. Antithesis:
A figure of speech in which opposing or contrasting ideas are balanced against each other in grammatically parallel syntax. Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice, moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue. Brutus: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar The vases of the classical period are but the reflection of classical beauty; the vases of the archaic period are beauty itself." Sir John Beazley Author (omniscient):
An omniscient author is capable of seeing, knowing, and telling whatever he wishes. He is free to move his characters in time and place, to describe the physical action and private thoughts of characters, to comment on what happens and to make clear the theme of his story in whatever way he chooses (cf. point of view). Narrator:
One who narrates or tells, a story. A writer may choose to have a story told by a first person narrator, someone who is either a major or minor character. Or, a writer may choose to use a third person narrator, someone who is not in the story at all. Third person narrators are often omniscient, or "all knowing"- that is, they are able to enter into the minds of all the characters in the story. Blank verse:
Unrhymed lines of mostly 10 syllables each; especially the iambic pentameter. Shakespeare chiefly used blank verse in his dramas. Caesura:
The break or pause between words within a metrical foot; a pause in a line of verse generally near the middle. Character:
In a fictional text, person developed through action, description, language and way of speaking. 1. Flat/static character: a flat character is not fully developed, it lacks complexity, and remains the same throughout a narrative. Static characters do not develop or change beyond the way in which they are first presented 2. Round/dynamic character: a person in a work of fiction who is so fully described as to be recognizable, understandable, and individually different from all others appearing in the book and undergoes an important and basic change in personality or outlook.
There are several different ways of presenting a character in fiction or drama: 1. Explicit presentation: Here the omniscient author describes the outward appearance and the psychological nature of a character. If a character's thoughts and/or his feelings are described we speak of introspection. 2. Implicit presentation: A character is presented in terms of his or her environment. If a person lives in strange surroundings he is assumed to be strange himself. Since the author does not tell us explicitly, the reader is expected to draw his own conclusions. 3. Dramatic presentation: A character is presented through action, interaction or dialogue. Here, too, the author seems to have withdrawn from the scene and the reader (or audience) must form their own impressions.
All fiction involves, at one level or another, conflict. A character struggles against a certain environment or...