The developmentally appropriate practice for Health, Safety and Nutrition prepares students from early childhood through a group of basic information and theory, practices, and requirements for establishing and keeping safety, healthy learning environment and good nutrition through the training of children to pay attention to their health and their nutrition and safety.
Definition of Development appropriate Practice :
The definition of developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) is “ a framework of principles and guidelines for best practice in the care and education of young children, birth through age 8.”( ) An institution interested in the search for a way to develop children's thinking and learning and the effectiveness of education they have. These principles support children's learning and development (2).
There are Three dimensions of appropriateness must be considered: Age appropriateness :
Is the sequence in child growth and changes that we can predict in the first nine years. These changes occur in all the characteristics of child cognitive, physical, social and emotional. And from that teacher must choose what is the appropriate for the child age . (2)
Every child has his own personality that distinguish him from other children and every character different from the other through the learning styles, family and past experiences. Children learning will be through interaction between the child and his environment (2)
Cultural and social context appropriateness:
Children come from different environments and communities and not isolated from a small rooms. It is important for adults teachers to have a background for these communities and they have some knowledge of social and cultural contexts in which children live. ( ).
Guidelines for DAP:
Following are the five basic guidelines for developmentally appropriate practice:
1.Create a caring community of learners.
2.Teach to enhance development and learning.
3.Construct appropriate curriculum.
4.Assess children's development and learning.
5. Establish a benefit relationship with families.( )
Teaching health , nutrition and safety:
Health, Safety and Nutrition( ),( )
Teaching Safety :
The developmentally appropriate practice of safety of children by research and show the standard safety rules and practices in an early childhood, examine examples of accident and injury reports, describe use of approved safety restraints when transporting a child and warning them from the danger of playing in car, identify potential indoor outdoor safety keeping, describe safety procedures for arrival, leaving, loading, and unloading of children, describe the way for eat safe food and storage to prevent food borne illness, explain procedures to follow for accidents, medical emergencies by making of lectures on how to act in the event of any fire, make sure that the staff in classroom are clear from anything sharp like the board, table and chair, the teachers must put their eyes in the children when they explain the lesson maybe some student play or hit another student . Safety refers to the behaviors and practices that protect children and adults from risk or injury. For example, the safety of the child in the classroom area is generally clean and clutter-free (garbage emptied, floors swept, toys and work space, bathroom clean), air fresheners are not used, sure furniture and equipment is in good repair (check for broken toys, disrepair rugs/carpet), safe toys/items are stored on lowest shelf and all electrical outlets are covered to ensure the safety of children. In the teaching profession in this topic should the teacher create how to teach children maintain safety. An example of this, The teacher is trying to deal quietly with the child to understand the meaning of safety and try to work for a childlike paintings and drawings show the safety in the classroom, Guide the children...