Definition: Grammatical Number and Nouns

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  • Topic: Grammatical number, Grammatical gender, Inflection
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  • Published : March 2, 2012
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Nouns
I. DEFINITION Nouns are the largest group of words in the English language. Nouns may refer language. to:

phenomena (ex. Sunshine, storm, and weather).

abstract ideas (ex. Honesty, love, and loyalty)

events (ex. Birthday, new year, and fiesta)

animals (ex. Cat, dog, and bird)

names of persons (ex. Ana, nun, and datu)

names of things (ex. Boat, hat, and necklace)

places (ex. Panay, Taal, and Borneo)

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II.

DERIVATIONAL NOUNS A noun may be formed by adding a suffix to a word (which may or may not be a noun). Here is a list of the most common suffixes which may be used to form nouns.

Suffix
-ship -tion, -sion, -ion -er, -or -ist -ing -hood -ness -ilty -ment III.

Examples
friendship, scholarship, kinship admiration, division, precision adventurer, painter, sailor artist, pianist offering, coming, cleaning womanhood, boyhood, girlhood kindness, boldness, fearlessness humanity, royalty, poverty enchantment, refinement, government

NOUN DETERMINERS A noun can be preceded by a determiner. Some examples of determiners are the following:

a all any

every its no

our some the

these this your

IV.

PROPER NOUNS vs. COMMON NOUNS Proper nouns – are nouns that refer to specific names of persons, animals, places, things and events. Common nouns - are nouns that refer to general names of persons, animals, places and events

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Examples: Common Nouns 1. soft drink 2. toothpaste 3. president 4. country 5. ball pen 6. tissue 7. school 8. bag 9. mall 10. watch Proper Nouns Coke Colgate Benigno Aquino III Philippines Pilot Joy Saint Louis University Jansport SM City Baguio Timex

V.

COUNT NOUNS vs. MASS NOUNS

C

ount nouns – are nouns that represent things that can be counted

Examples: one ship two children 7,100 islands five women

some flowers many years several warriors few words

a foreigner an incident seven boys twenty boats

*count nouns are plural after the expression lots...
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