Defining Words Project

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DEFINING WORDS PROJECT

WRSP 510 LUO (fall 2012)
Biblical Foundations
Dr. Gray

Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary

Tammy Chesnic (ID#23451506)

December 2012

Table Of Contents

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….3 Praise……………………………………………………………………………….…..3-10 Honor………………………………………………………………………………......10-11 Rejoice…………………………………………………………………………………12-14 Bow Down……………………………………………………………………………..14-16 Shout……………………………………………………………………………….….17-19 Joy……………………………………………………………………………………..19-23 Chart Showing Relationship between OT and NT words……………………………..24 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………….25-26 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………..……27-29

Introduction.
The purpose of the defining Word Project is to learn of the immense benefit that can be gained from really searching out the meaning of a word. Looking up the synonyms and antonyms, understanding what the root word means, finding the primary root in Hebrew and Greek can bring such a depth of understanding to what the Holy Spirit means in a Bible verse. And by diligent study of words, you usually "get it." That's a challenge but we are commanded to do exactly this! 2 Timothy 2:15 “ Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth” This assignment is based on six words that I have researched and defined according to their Biblical use in both the Old Testament and New Testament. The words I have selected include the following: I chose three from the Old Testament being -praise, honor, rejoice and three of the New Testament including- bow down, shout and joy. The first word I researched was praise. Praise is defined as follows: praz (tehillah, "psalm," "praise," todhah, "confession" "thanksgiving," shabhach, "to praise" "glorify," zamar, yadhah, "to stretch out the hand," "confess"; aineo, epaineo, (epainos): 1. Its Meaning:The word comes from the Latin pretium, "price," or "value," and may be defined generally as an ascription of value or worth[i] Praise may be bestowed upon unworthy objects or from improper motives, but true praise consists in a sincere acknowledgment of a real conviction of worth. Its type may be seen in the representation given in the Apocalypse of the adoration of God and of the Lamb, which is inspired by a sense of their worthiness to be adored [ii](Revelation 4:11; Revelation 5:12).

Praise cont.
The word Praise has a total of 487 Occurrences in the Bible.[iii] The word yadah and its related noun todah are common words in the Bible; the verb is often translated "give thanks" or "praise" and even "confess"; and the noun is rendered and "thanksgiving." While these translations are acceptable, they do not capture the precise nuances of this root. Claus Westermann in his book The Praise of God in the Psalms goes into great detail to explain that the concept of giving thanks is very different than praise[iv] In fact; Westermann surveys a number of languages to show that "thanks" is a secondary development. For example, in Greek the basic word is "grace," and then by extension saying words of grace or giving thanks. The reason for this distinction may be seen from a comparison of giving thanks and praising. First, in giving thanks, whether you express it or not, you are the subject of the verb: "I thank you" or "thanks." But in praise, true praise, the object of the praise is the subject of the sentence: "He lifted me up from a miry clay; he set my feet on solid ground; he put a new song in my heart." Praise does not always rise to that level of focus, but when praise is at its best it does--it is a looking away from oneself and focusing on the object of praise.[v] Secondly, praise is normally the spontaneous and enthusiastic expression of delight and appreciation. But giving thanks can more easily become a fixed duty. Third, true biblical praise is...
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