Defining Features of Fordism and Post-Fordism

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eWhat are the defining features of Fordism and post-Fordism? What are the advantages and disadvantages for workers of Fordism and post-Fordism? Definitions – slide 11
Fordism - Fordism involves mass production of consumer durables which are made on moving assembly line techniques operated with the semi-skilled labour of the mass worker. post-Fordism as a labour process can be defined as a flexible production prices based on flexible systems and an appropriately flexible workforce Features of Fordism

* Mass production of consumer durables
* Moving assembly line
* Semi-skilled labour, mass workers
* Mass consumption
* Dedicated, inflexible machinery

Advantages of Fordism
* Economies of scale
* Maximize output
Disadvantages
* Deskilling and degradation of labour
* Inflexible
* Occupational divided (management vs workers)

Features of Post-Fordism
* Specialised short run production
* Product differentiation, niche markets
* Skilled worforce
* Empowered jobs
* Just in time not just in case
* Vertical disintegration
* Core workers + peripheral workers

Advantages of Post-Fordism
* Upskilling
* Flexible
* Work life balance
* Home working
* Negotiable hours and working arrangements

Disadvantages of Post-Fordism
* Decline of full time employment
* Intermittent, insecure work
* Extended demands through teleworking
* Brazilianized 40/30/30 society

What are the key elements of hakim’s preference theory? What are the strengths and criticisms of preference theory as an explanation for work gender differentials?

Hakim argues that women’s lifestyle preferences are the key causal factor, not social attitudes, patriarchy, social structure, economic environment Situation
* Wage gap of 10-20%
* Occupational segregation (stereotypical male jobs and female jobs. E.g engineers and nurses) * Vertical segregation (glass ceiling)
Five historical changes...
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