OPPOSITION BETWEEN DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE TECHNIQUES
Students have different learning skills and capacities for getting to know about shown and told knowledge. To teach something effectively , we have many techniques used while educating. So, during the teaching process teachers use different methods to school effectively. Two of them are deductive and inductive techniqe. Both of them have adventages but they are completely different from each other with the dominant people, flowing of information, people number, structure of content. When we look at their dominant people during the teaching and learning; in deductive technuqie , teachers are more active than the students; so it is more teacher-centered. This means that firstly, teachers give a new information and concepts to the class and then they make explanation about what they want to give the students. And teachers expect to students make practice and complete the given tasks using offered informations. But in inductive technuqie, education is student-centered. This technique requires great deal of student participation. It makes students deeply involve in class during the lessons. Instead of explaining the concept and following this explanations with examples, teachers present the student giving examples showing how this concept is used. This technuqie is more experiental for students and the teacher takes part as guide in class. In this technuqie, the aim is to make students notice by drawing examples how the concept works. Viewing of flow of information; deductive teaching and learning means that, flow of information given during the lessons goes from general to spesific. Firstly, the concept or the skill being taught is explained with using definitions and is given with general aspects, then explanation about the concept is supported by examples. And with examples, it is narrowed down and also with practices it is made clear. For example, in a deductive classroom, while passive active voice is...
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