The overall purpose of this research paper is to define and assess decision making in management as well as the need for alternatives to use in the decision making processes. Management is concerned with combining all of the inputs of production. Managers decide what to make and how to make it. They chose from the available inputs and work out the right mix. Management must organize production to meet the goals of the company, which normally include keeping manufacturing costs low and producing a profit. The first industrial managers were men like Richard Arkwright and Thomas Edison, both inventors and businessmen. They own their companies and made all the management decisions. As the scale of production increased in the 19th century, ownership of companies was divided among shareholders. Management gradually became separated from ownership and a class of professional managers emerged. Although this emphasis is on industry, the principles of management are strongly illuminated herein, in my opinion. The division of labor has been successfully applied to management.
In the modern factory, managers specialize in one function; production, finance, marketing, personnel or public affairs. Management is a skilled occupation, and the amount of education needed to become a professional manager is increasing. Managers are schooled in all aspects of production and business. (The Learning Store).
At this point, I would like to address the need for alternatives, as well as factors operating within an organization which shape individual decisions and encourage individual initiatives.
"Sometimes courage is more critical than judgment in making a decision." This, as a belief of mine ties in with factors operating within an organization. It also deals with conviction, courage, value, truth, as well as individual initiatives. For example, Total Quality Management represents an excellent example. Total Quality Management,... [continues]
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