Deconstruction was a revolutionary approach introduced by Frenchman Jacques Derrida in the study of literature. He applied his theory onto Western Metaphysics to expose its flawed nature and in an attempt to question the basic of the basic, the nuances (possibly unconscious to the author himself/herself) that contribute to the hemming and taking apart, the constructing and de-constructing within a text.
J. Hillis Miller has described deconstruction this way: “Deconstruction is not a dismantling of the structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself. Its apparently-solid ground is no rock, but thin air."
Martin Mcquillan contends that Deconstruction examines the way in which Western thought is structured. Jacques Derrida suggested that Western thought is structured in terms of binary oppositions, the separation of conceptual material such as Man/Woman; Black/White equally. However, these terms are not true opposites since one is always privileged over the other. An example he gives would be the concept of speech as more important than and as logically prior to writing. Another example exhibits the advantage of a masculine characteristic over feminine ones and how such binary oppositions are not the way things are but only how they are perceived in Western thought. The privileging of terms is called logo centrism. It divides the world into a binary system of oppositions and proceeds to change the weight and importance of on both sides of the world and ends up with a way of thinking which makes thoughts impossible without an appreciation of the ‘inherent’ superiority of one term over the other.
Deconstruction suggests that opposite concepts are constructions. Yes and no are words that represent opposing feelings but the words themselves are not opposites. Black and represent associations... [continues]
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