Decolonization and Globalization: Guinea

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Decolonization and Globalization: Guinea
Option 2

In the span of time after World War II, during the explosive increase of new nations, one nation’s strive for independence sticks out to me and that is the nation of Guinea. This nation in particular emulates our classes definition, as well as most definitions, of the word globalization for many reasons including the ways in which they interacted with other nations for financial and military aid, the effect that their independence had on other nations governments, and simply how becoming a new nation effected the globe. In this essay I intend to discuss the problems Guinea faced as a new nation and how exactly globalization impacted the newly independent nation, in a positive way as well as in several negative ways.

First and foremost, France originally colonized the French West African land in which they deemed French Guinea in 1891 when Guinea was detached from Senegal[1]. The french made a point to educate the indigenous people and soon enough, in 1946 the french educated people of Guinea were given the right to vote[2]. It wasn’t until October of 1958 that Guinea officially gained it’s independence from the colonial power of France by rejecting the French Constitution which would have given them a position in the French Union. French President Charles DeGaulle made it abundantly clear that rejection of the Constitution would lead to Guinea’s immediate independence[3]. This made Guinea the only colony to offer a “no-vote” to the Constitution, gaining them independence, which makes the decolonization of Guinea special in it’s own way.

After a 10 year struggle of internal groups such as the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA) leadership, grassroots activists, and a communist influence, the leader of the RDA Sekour Toure took power as a dictator and the first ruler of the newly independent Guinea[4]. Immediately after Guinea’s independence France moved out of the colony and took everything it had...
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