Decline Stage of Product

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Decline Stage
A product form has reached this stage when it becomes clear the market is no longer able to sustain itself. Like the Maturity stage, the Decline stage may last a long time especially for products that have been adopted by a large percentage of the market who are not inclined to change how they satisfy their needs (i.e., Laggards). Since the end of the product form is seen as inevitable, there are no sub-stages here. Characteristics:

·Competition: As time goes on firms drop out until no one is producing the product. ·Target Market: Mostly consists of Laggards who have been loyal to this type of product for a long time and have not moved on to newer products. ·Product: No new improvements are introduced and some models are discontinued. ·Prices: May be rising as competitors drop out and companies still in the market have little incentive to engage in price competition. Also, there may be a large loyal market they may not be sensitive to price increases. However, some companies looking to get out of market, but have existing inventory, may drastically markdown product to encourage rapid sales. ·Promotion: Companies limit promotions to occasional reminders to loyal customers though overall little is spent. ·Distribution: With declining demand distributors are removing products. The marketer may even make the decision to remove the product from unprofitable distributors. Sales may shift to online distribution or via non-traditional channels. ·Profits: For companies remaining, profits may be stable and possibly big if this stage takes a long time to play out. Brand Strategy:

Marketers are faced with Market Exit strategies when they reach the Decline stage. There are two ways marketers can address this. First, companies may consider a "milking" strategy that involves getting the most out of the product in terms of sales without spending any additional funds to support the product. This strategy works best if a sizable market remains that is...
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