King George III and the Colonies
The relationship that existed between King George III and the colonies began to decline around the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, and continually got worse until the colonies separated from Britain in 1776 with the Declaration of Independence. Over the course of these years the English Parliament under King George III strengthened their hold on the colonies which resulted in outrage and rebellion. King George created many new laws including a series of taxes laid on the colonies, as well as repealed all the charters and any form of self-government in the colonies, and enforced complete control over the colonies. After the French and Indian War ended Britain imposed a revenue tax on sugar in the colonies which angered many colonists who would buy sugar. There had been taxes on similar items and restriction on trade with other countries besides England under the Navigation Acts. This tax however, put an end to Salutary Neglect, the ignoring of the Navigation Acts and smuggling goods into other countries. Laws were also passed allowing ships and ware houses to be searched for smuggled goods. After revolts following the Sugar Act was a clear indication that taxing would not be allowed to the colonists, King George decided to impose even more taxes which include the Stamp act, causing rebellion not only to merchants, but everyone in the colonies, including the fishing business and poor farmers, those that normally wouldn’t be affected by a revenue tax, Declaratory Act, Townshend Revenue Acts, Tea Act, and the Intolerable Acts all of which caused more strain on both the colonies and England. Some colonies even began to boycott goods called non-importation. By the late 1760’s it became clear the colonies were not going to cooperate with the taxes without proper representation. After the colonies began to resist the taxes more and more, King George decided to punish the colonies that resisted such as Massachusetts in the...
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