One methods of critical thinking is the Rational. This process uses a logical, chronological methodology, based off pre set goals and objectives and finding numerous solutions, choosing the one that best fits the objectives. This is a very simple model; however, it assumes that there will be no biases. The rational model is the baseline against which other models are compared (Allison, 1971; Cheshire & Feroz, 1989; Lyles & Thomas, 1988).
A second method is Political, which is more common in business situations. In this method, the decision maker may have multiple people working on a project. Each player may have a different agenda or solution and all will pitch their idea to the decision maker. The decision makers will chose the solution he feels would correct the problem. This method commonly has less conflict because players usually follow the decisions once a leader makes a decision. More specifically, this process involves each decision-maker trying to sway powerful people within the situation to adopt his or her viewpoint and influence the remaining decision-makers (Allison, 1971; Cheshire & Feroz, 1989; Lyles & Thomas, 1988; Schneider).
In contrast to the political model, the third basic model of decision making is more structured. This model is the process model. With the process model, decisions are made based upon standard operating procedures, or pre-established guidelines within the organization. Actions and behaviors occur in accordance with these procedures or... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2006, 01). Decision Making Model. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 01, 2006, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Decision-Making-Model-77840.html
"Decision Making Model" StudyMode.com. 01 2006. 01 2006 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Decision-Making-Model-77840.html>.
"Decision Making Model." StudyMode.com. 01, 2006. Accessed 01, 2006. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Decision-Making-Model-77840.html.