Decentralisation of Urban Areas

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aThe decentralization of retailing and other services has had a major impact on urban areas.’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? –

Consequently the decentralization of retailing and other services are having or have had major impacts on the urban areas whether they are negative or positive because it is taking consumers out of their local town and spending their disposable income elsewhere, this is bound to have effect on urban areas. In the 1970s the shopping patterns began to change due to the increase of cars and freezers as supermarkets and DIY stores for example began to move to the outskirts of towns. Which is decentralization. Today most cities have large out of town retail complexes. An example of this is the Trafford Centre near Manchester.

I agree with this statement for a number of reasons, which are largely negative for the urban areas;

There is always a large Initial cost to open an out of town retail shopping complex. This is due to the fact they are often built on brownfield sites, where there are often no structural buildings or anything that is there isn’t suitable because it’s generally reclaimed or derelict land, making it easy to get planning permission. The Trafford center was built on a brownfield site 5 miles west of Manchester and it cost £600 million to complete. This money was either from government expenditure or investments was taken away from Manchester, which lead to less spending in the late 19th century when The Trafford center was built. A lack of investment in a city center and cause it to become run down which therefore increases problems such as vandalism and lowered property prices.

Large out of town retail complexes offer a range of activities such as the Trafford centre which has over 200 shops, 1600 seated food court, 20 screen cinema, crazy golf, ten pin bowling laser quest and an indoor climbing wall which significantly contrast with Manchester making it enjoyable for the whole family. The...
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