Debian and Free Software

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Chapter 1, pp 20-21, Exercise 1,4,7

1. What is a free software? List three characteristic of free software. The software with free source code. You are free to study it, redistribute it, and modify it. As a result, the code is available free of cost—no charge for the software, source, documentation, or support (via newsgroups, mailing lists, and other Internet resources).

4.What is the Free Software Foundation/GNU? Linux? Which parts of the GNU/Linux operating system did each provide? Who else has helped build and refine this operating system?

The Free Software Foundation ( is the principal organizational sponsor of the GNU Project. GNU developed many of the tools, including the C compiler, that are part of the GNU/Linux Operating System.

7. What is a shell? How does it work with the kernel? with the user? Shell is a piece of software that provides an interface for users of an operating system. Shell provides access to the services of a kernel. Shell makes the user’s job faster and easier in many ways. Chapter 2, p 50, Exercise 1

1. Briefly, what does the process of installing an operating system such as Fedora/RHEL involve? Installing Fedora/RHEL is the process of copying operating system files from a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive to hard disk(s) on a system and setting up configuration files so Linux runs properly on the hardware. Several types of installations are possible, including fresh installations, upgrades from older releases of Fedora/RHEL, and dual-boot installations. Chapter 3, p. 86, Exercise 8

1. What is a live system? What advantages does it have over an installed system?

A live system gives you a chance to preview Fedora without installing it. It does not write to hard disks. Chapter 11,p. 498, Exercise 1, 3
1. How does single user mode differ from multiuser mode?
When a system is in single-user mode, you can log in only at the console. Not all of the filesystems are mounted, and many daemons are not running. With the...
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