Debian and Free Software

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Chapter 1, pp 20-21, Exercise 1,4,7

1. What is a free software? List three characteristic of free software. The software with free source code. You are free to study it, redistribute it, and modify it. As a result, the code is available free of cost—no charge for the software, source, documentation, or support (via newsgroups, mailing lists, and other Internet resources).

4.What is the Free Software Foundation/GNU? Linux? Which parts of the GNU/Linux operating system did each provide? Who else has helped build and refine this operating system?

The Free Software Foundation (www.fsf.org) is the principal organizational sponsor of the GNU Project. GNU developed many of the tools, including the C compiler, that are part of the GNU/Linux Operating System.

7. What is a shell? How does it work with the kernel? with the user? Shell is a piece of software that provides an interface for users of an operating system. Shell provides access to the services of a kernel. Shell makes the user’s job faster and easier in many ways. Chapter 2, p 50, Exercise 1

1. Briefly, what does the process of installing an operating system such as Fedora/RHEL involve? Installing Fedora/RHEL is the process of copying operating system files from a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive to hard disk(s) on a system and setting up configuration files so Linux runs properly on the hardware. Several types of installations are possible, including fresh installations, upgrades from older releases of Fedora/RHEL, and dual-boot installations. Chapter 3, p. 86, Exercise 8

1. What is a live system? What advantages does it have over an installed system?

A live system gives you a chance to preview Fedora without installing it. It does not write to hard disks. Chapter 11,p. 498, Exercise 1, 3
1. How does single user mode differ from multiuser mode?
When a system is in single-user mode, you can log in only at the console. Not all of the filesystems are mounted, and many daemons are not running. With the...
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