Death Penalty

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Cause and Effect: The Death Penalty
The cause of the death penalty more often then not is politically inspired. Fear has long been a favored method for controlling the population. In the case of the execution of those found guilty of murder in developed countries such as The USA , where the motivation is simply political. More votes are gained by appealing to the sense of justice exhibited in the lower educated classes than are to be gained by appealing to those that are more educated and trained in the exercise of reasoning. It is one of the failings of democracy. The effect of the death penalty is that if a person is a murderer he or she has nothing to lose by killing to cover their crime. No murderer commits a crime and intends to do the time.

The death penalty remains as one of the controversial issues not only in the United States but in the whole world as well. The death penalty has articulated itself as a debate characterized by rhetoric of pro death penalty ideals and con death penalty assertions. It should be noted that the debate on death penalty is not new in the world considering that death penalty has been used as a method of punishing criminals since time immemorial, although it may have gained momentum in the 20th century with enactment of human rights charter. For example, records on death penalty shows that the first man to receive this capital punishment was Daniel Frank, in the 15th century. However, it is important to note that justification of death penalty varies from one society to the other and in contemporary world where everyone thinks the world is more liberalized than ever, death penalty is likely to receive support and criticism from different quarters in the society. Debate on death penalty is mainly constructed in realm of the causes and the effects it has on the society. Those in support of death penalty mainly considers the causes while those in opposed to death penalty mostly consider the effects it has on the society, although both side borrows from causes and effects in articulating their claims. Unless the amicable solution is reached on alternate punishment that equals capital crimes, the debate on death penalty will not be erased from public debate agenda in the near future.

The main cause of death penalty has to do with making retribution. In whichever way death penalty is considered, it is evident that the main reason why the society has perpetrated with this controversial form of punishment is individuals who have committed capital crime have to receive similar punishment that equals their crime (Smith 104). Tracing historical development of death penalty, it can be realized that with time, it became a common form of punishment that ensured that those who had committed crimes that were not forgivable by the society received equal form of punishment. Death penalty is deeply rooted in justice as articulated by natural law but it also goes against the same law. According to natural rights theory, “every person has the right to live and should not be denied this right either by government or any other manmade law”(Muhlhausen line 23). However, death penalty is used as a form of punishing those who have committed crimes against natural law like first degree murder. “Death penalty is also against the same law because it involves taking away the life of the person which is against natural rights” (Johnson line 90). There is variation in administration of death penalty in the world depending on the degree of integration of human rights in the society. For example in China, anyone who is convicted of drug trafficking will receive death penalty while in United States, only those who are convicted of first degree murder receive death penalty. In addition, people who are convicted of business related crimes or other crimes that are likely to have effects on the larger society are likely to be convicted of death penalty in China. Therefore, the root causes of death penalty arise from...
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