Death Penalty

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DEATH PENALTY 1

ESL 151

12/12/2012

2 Committed crimes that can carry to the death penalty are known as capital crimes. Different kinds of crimes can be punished by the death penalty, such as rape, incest, murder and so on. Therefore, capital punishments have been used in many countries. Some people believe that death penalty needs to be applied in appropriate cases, and there are others who are against to the idea of death penalty under any circumstances. The United States remains in the minority of nations in the world that still uses death penalty for serious crimes.  Many see the death penalty as violent act and against American values.  Others see it as a very important tool against vicious planned murder. People who are against the death penalty have number of reasons. They feel that death penalty gives state to much power by applying death penalty unfairly to innocent people, the next reason is that the death penalty is much more expensive than life without parole and the last reason is that the death penalty is useless in a sense it doesn’t reduce the crime rate. The first main reason is that death penalty gives state too much power by applying death penalty unfairly to innocent people. Everyone has a right of self-defense. If someone is being threatened and there is an apparent danger against 3 them, showing lethal force may be the only way to protect someone’s life and the life of someone’s family, and if self-defense results in death, such as taking of a human life may be honorably justified. When the alleged criminal is already incarcerated, such a justification disappears because there is no serious threat to anyone’s life anymore. No matter how severe the crimes are that person has committed, no matter how wicked the acts he or she has committed on others, the serious threat is already gone, and the self-defense argument cannot be used. There is no need of moral justification to kill the person to make a solution for the case. “Capital punishment is not just an act, but a legalized process of physical and psychological terror that culminates in people being killed by the state” (Irene Khan). The next reason is that the death penalty is much more expensive than life sentence without parole because the Constitution’s requirements for judicial process for capital cases are long and expensive. If the death penalty could be replaced with a life sentence without parole, which costs billions less, the money saved could be spend on more important programs such as education, roads, public safety programs, drug and alcohol treatments, mental health services, child abuse prevention programs, services for crime victims and their families, to improve the community in which we live. “California spends an additional $184 million on the 4 death penalty per year because of the additional costs of capital trials, enhanced security on death row, and legal representation” (deathpenalty.org). Instead of killing the criminals the state should put them to use labor wise under higher security measures, which will create more jobs for society. The last reason is that the death penalty is useless, in a sense, it doesn’t

reduce the crime rate. Spending millions on the death penalty might be worth it if

it actually made our community safer. But it doesn’t. If death penalty were a

deterrent, everybody had think about murder rate (20.000 killing a year)

would be among the lowest in the civilized word....
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