Death Penalty

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REINSTATING DEATH PENALTY IN THE PHILIPPINES

(Abstract)

Death penalty is an area under discussion that has become a very vast dispute even before. Centuries ago death penalty is something that was run through in almost all cultures. This vengeance sort of action was the only approach in old polity felt that could really prevent criminals from committing crime. Until such time death penalty was totally abolished. Death penalty as defined is a penalty for crimes that are heinous for being grievous, odious and hateful offenses and which, by reason of their inherent or manifest wickedness, viciousness, atrocity and perversity are repugnant and outrageous to the common standards and norms of decency and morality in a just, civilized and ordered society. (RA 7659) Heinous crimes refer to those crimes which are inhuman and merciless transgression. Such endeavor prejudices our own justice therefore death penalty must be reinstated and accepted. Crimes in our country are committed either intentional or unintentionally and of course are unwanted. Our country consequently has not only the right but the duty to act in self defense to protect the innocent.

If we insist on abolishing death penalty, it’s like we are just giving these criminal a power to commit such acts.

Death penalty, death sentence, or execution is a legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime. It is also known as capital punishment while the crimes punished by death sentence are called capital crimes. These crimes vary depending on the laws of the State instituting the death penalty. In the Philippines, these include treason, piracy in general and mutiny in high seas, qualified bribery, parricide, infanticide, murder, kidnapping and serious illegal detention, robbery with violence against or intimidation of persons, destructive arson, rape, plunder, and prohibited, regulated, illegal drugs related cases (Republic Act 7659). As to the antiquity of death penalty, the first established death penalty laws dated as far back as the Eighteenth Century B. C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon (www. Death penalty information center/DIPC.com). The death penalty was also part of the Fourteenth Century B.C.’s Hittite Code; in the Seventh Century B. C.’s Draconian Code of Athens, which made death the only punishment for all crimes; and in the Fifth Century B.C.’s Roman Law of Twelve Tablets. Death Sentences were carried out by such means as crucifixion, drowning, beating to death, burning alive, and impalement (Ibid).

Differently, if death penalty is prevalent in other countries with regard to its past events, the imposition of death penalty in the Philippines had also a repressive history. For the most part (from 1848 to 1987), it was used to curtail the liberties, freedoms and rights of the Filipino people. In recent history, however, the death penalty was reemployed as a knee-jerk response to what has largely been seen as rising criminality in the country. During the Spanish Period (1521-1898), the Spanish colonizers brought with them medieval Europe’s penal system in which such penalties or punishments includes executions or killing somebody as part of their legal or extralegal process. The capital punishment took various forms including burning, decapitation, and drowning, flaying, garrote, hanging, shooting, and stabbing among others. It was enshrined in the 1848 Spanish Codigo Penal and was imposed on locals who challenged the established authority of the colonizers. Between the year 1840 – 1857, recorded death sentences totaled 1, 703 with 46 actual executions. Filipinos who were meted with death penalty include the native clergies Gomez, Burgos and Zamora who were garroted in 1872 and Dr. Jose Rizal executed on December 30, 1896 (www.thepicj.blog.com). However, during the American period from the year 1898-1934, the American colonizers adopted most of the provisions under the Codigo Penal of...
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