My topic in this paper is about Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old. Some people call SIDS "crib death" because many babies who die of SIDS are found in their cribs. SIDS is the leading cause of death in children between one month and one year old. Most SIDS deaths occur when babies are between two months and four months old.
The causes of SIDS are is still unknown. But there are many factors that may by of multiple interacting factors that cause SIDS. One of the cause could be in infant development because the leading hypothesis is that the reflect a delay in the development of nerve cells within the brain that are critical to normal heart and lung function. In Research examinations of the brain stems of infants who died with a diagnosis of SIDS have revealed a developmental delay in formation and function of several serotonin-binding nerve pathways within the brain. Another factor is Rebreathing Asphyxia is when a baby is facedown and the air move around the mouth may be impaired. This may cause the baby to re-brethe carbon dioxide that the baby has just exhaled.Another factor is Arousal which it refer to an infant's ability to awaken and it respond to a variety of physiological stimuli.
Another factor the might be the cause of SIDS is Hyperthermia means overdressing the baby or also using excessive coverings or even increasing the air temperature may be lead to increasing metabolic rate. When a baby have die from SIDS scientists and doctors use many tests and exams. The four ways they investigate to determine the death of infant form SIDS is postmoterm lab tests, autopsy, death-scene investigation, and the review of the victim and family case history. The First test they use is postmortem laboratory test are done to rule out causes of death. For example they check electrolytes to rule out dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The second test they use is called...
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