Deaf Awareness Month

Topics: Hearing impairment, Closed captioning, Television Pages: 8 (2926 words) Published: February 16, 2011
[pic]American’s with disabilities ACT is signed into law by President George Bush  
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has helped fulfill the promise of America for millions of individuals living with disabilities. When President George H.W. Bush signed the ADA into law on July 26, 1990, he called this legislation a “dramatic renewal not only for those with disabilities but for all of us, because along with the precious privilege of being an American comes a sacred duty to ensure that every other American’s rights are also guaranteed.” The ADA’s far-reaching reforms have played a significant role in enhancing the quality of life for millions of Americans who must overcome considerable challenges each day in order to participate fully in all aspects of American life. For the first time, citizens with broad-based disabilities, developmental and otherwise, had national legislation that protected their rights as individuals. It also forced employers, educators, landlords, builders and other service providers to improve access and opportunities to all citizens regardless of their abilities.

The federal government’s on-line disability-related information and resources at, and the job training and placement services of the Ticket to Work program and One-Stop Career Centers are promoting greater employment opportunities. We are also expanding educational opportunities for children with disabilities, providing them with the tools they need for success in their classrooms, homes, and communities. In addition, we are fostering technological advancement and encouraging increased distribution of assistive technology to help people with disabilities live and work with greater independence.

[pic]Television decoder circuitry act is enacted requiring a decoder chip to be put into every newly manufactured television set

The Television Decoder Circuitry Act of 1990 requires television receivers with picture screens 13 inches or larger to have built-in decoder circuitry designed to display closed captioned television transmissions. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has also applied this requirement to computers equipped with television circuitry that are sold together with monitors that have viewable pictures at least 13 inches in diameter; to digital television sets that have screens measuring 7.8 inches vertically The Television Decoder Circuitry Act also requires the FCC to ensure that closed captioning services continue to be available to consumers as new video technology is developed. The 13-inch minimum requirement for televisions to display captions was established because of concerns that people would not be able to clearly read captions on smaller screens... At the same time, small portable television sets are now more widely available and used, such as in hospital rooms. In addition, small battery-operated televisions may offer the only means for many people who cannot hear radio announcements to acquire emergency information when there is a power outage. Because digital television sets with smaller screens can now display captions, there is no longer any practical reason not to require them to have caption decoder capability. Today, many electronic devices, which are not traditional “televisions,” carry television-type video programming. People can now enjoy their favorite television shows, live or recorded, on their PDAs, computers, MP3 players, and even cell phones. These devices come in various shapes and sizes, but are not presently required to receive and display captions. The Television Decoder Circuitry Act’s requirement to make captioning services available as new video technology is developed dictates that these modern innovations be capable of displaying captions to the same extent as traditional television sets. The FCC’s digital decoder rules do not go far enough to reach all of the newer technological innovations now on the market. Now that 100% of all new, non-exempt...
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