There are various reasons why and how the Mongols accomplish the conquest of such a large territory within such a short period of time. Many of the reasons may vary, but many can agree that their military tactics and culture are some of the reasons why they conquered such a large territory in such a short period of time.
The Mongols, who eventually became known as the Tatars, were one of the most savage conquerors of history. The Mongols had good military tactics, that’s how they conquered many so fast. They were very clever in their battles and planned ahead. They didn’t act until they had plenty of men or when they had a good chance of winning. They wore defensive armor made from buffalo and hides of other beasts, dried by the fire, and thus rendered extremely hard and strong. (Document 3) Warriors were divided into companies of ten, appointing one of the ten as commander, and for every ten commanders there was another commander called ‘commander of the hundred’ since he commanded a total of a hundred people. And so it is with each thousand men and so also with each ten thousand, over whom they appointed a commander whom they call ‘commander of the tümen.’
The Mongols were brave in battle, exposing themselves without hesitation to all manner of danger. They wiped out those who opposed to them with cruelty. Enemies or possible enemies. One summer, Chinggis Khan sent soldiers out against those of the Tangqut people who had rebelled against him…The whole tribe was completely wiped out. Then he showed favor to Bo’ orchy and Mugali, saying: “Take what you want, until you can carry no more… Make their fine sons follow behind you, holding your falcons. Bring up their daughters to arrange your wives’ skirts.” (Document 7)
This vast empire helped increase contacts between peoples of different cultures. Migrations fostered these contacts and...