Dbq Red Three

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Red Three: Notes for the Strict/Broad Construction

With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison?

Document A:
Identify who and when: Jefferson, 1800
What does this tell you? Strict constructionist, during Adams’ presidency

What outside information/events does this refer to? Constitution gives states’ power, anything that goes to the states, independence – states. What is this event about? Election of 1800. Democratic Republicans to keep majority in legislative branch: What does this document say? Relies on the Constitution as the best structure of the government. Strict

Document B:
Identify who and when Jefferson to Miller (a minister) 1808
What does this tell you? End of Jefferson 2nd term, Madison to be president

What outside information/events does this refer to? Separation of church and state. What is this event about? The presidents before him had asked people to fast for a day, this precedence is over

What does this document say? The president is not allowed to make any decisions that require the government to make religious choices for the people.

Document C:
Identify who and when Anderson cartoon, 1808
What does this tell you? Embargo Act 1807 (Ograbme backwards)

What outside information/events does this refer to? Signed by Jefferson – stopped all trade between America and all countries. Goal was to get France and GB to restricting US trade, eliminate GB’s higher quality of production so that the US would have more power. Drew GB and US into War. What is this event about?

What does this document say? Turtle is the Embargo Act (stepping on the act), person is trying to trade Superfine tobacco with GB. By biting him in the butt, holding...
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