Seljuk turks (Muslims) invaded the Byzantine Empire & conquered Palestine. The Byzantine Emperor asked pope Urban 2 to help chase the Muslims out & get back the Holy Land (Palestine) in the year 1095. The Pope agreed, making a speech in the Council of Clemont calling all Christians too join in a Crusade. A Crusade is a military journey for a religious cause. The first Crusade started in the year 1096.
Economically, the Crusaders went on this journey in order to gain the land of Jerusalem from the Muslims (doc.1). Land was their wealth. Socially, the knights went because there was a general restlessness in the air so they went for the adventure. The serfs went because of their desire to break away from manoralism. Manoralism is the system that existed during feudalism. Politically wise, the pope wanted too increase his power in Europe.
An expected outcome of the crusades was the Muslim control of Jerusalem (doc.2). Other expected outcomes are; the loss of European influence in the Middle East, the expansion of Muslim power in the Middle East & beyond, & a religious hatred between Christians & Muslims. The dominance of Muslim culture in the Middle East is another impact that was expectedas a gain for the winners.
There's were many unexpected outcomes/ impacts of the crusades. An unexpected outcome was the military failure for the west (doc.2). An unexpected & unfortunate outcome was that the Crusaders destroyed many Jewish communities. The most important impact is the increased trade that resulted from the contact between Christian Europe and the Islamic Empire. Returning crusaders brought back new spices, foods, perfumes, fabrics and ideas. This increase of trade between places of differing cultures is an example of...