DBQ 5: Absolutism
In a rule using suppression, backed up by the claim to divine authority, an absolute monarchy embodies the omnipotent government reign. Such power was given solely to the head of the state without any constituted restraints. During the Reformation up to the seventeenth century, Europe’s social system started to have conflict as to whether absolute power should be appointed to the king. The king’s subjects, mostly nobles, supported their kings right to absolute power because they got the benefit of political leadership roles and were also given royal protection. The common-folk and the servants were against it because absolutism abused the power in ruling over the peasants as the king, which tended to be restricting. Certain factors of absolutism with the ideals of the nobility would bring strength to the economy that was based on domestic and foreign trade, land holdings, a centralized government, and an increase in military fortitude. The upper class invested their fortunes into becoming political leaders and to serve by the king. Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the French Minister of Finance, advised King Louis XIV to pursue the conditions of domestic and foreign trade. With a surplus of money came a surplus of labor, his people were able to earn a living and travel across the waters for profit. Money is the foundation of any world order; if the nation has a solid foundation, then the benefit of the nobles are higher, exposing the reason of the nobles true motives to supporting the king. (Document1) In regards to property the lands were all held in the hands of the kings from the secular and the ecclesiastical classes. It’s a trade between the nobles and monarchs to do as they please with their land, like being a mandate for example. (Document 9) The king is to rule “under the divine law” and his subordinates must follow obediently. These servants would not question any authority given by the king for their belief of divinity. (Document 7) The Civil...
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