Dbq-Greek Ottoman Empire

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The greeks, between the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century, fought for independence from the Ottoman impire. In 1821, when the Greeks revolted against Ottoman turk rule, the Concert of Europe was hardly invoked at all. The cries for freedom from that home of ancient democracy excited liberals throughout Europe, and early demonstration of the power of nationalist movements that would be repeated throughout the century. By 1827, British and French fleets intervened to support the Greek's outburst for freedom, with help from many of Europe's countries, greece finally gained independence in 1829. During their struggle for independence, there was a variety of views coming from people throughout Europe. Many European countries supported this act, while others felt it was very important for the Greeks to stay under rule of the Ottoman empire. The point of views varied from liberal minded people who had negative feelings towards the turks, who were autonomies, therefore sympathized for the Greeks wanting to self-rule, a christian perspective (many of which also happen to be greek), and lastly, the Turks point of view; who would do anything in their power to keep the Greek's from gaining independence.

Europe, at this time, was going through an era when Britain, France, and Russia displayed a willingness to use force, a preoccupation with their own self-interest, and an eagerness to carve up the ottoman Empire that foreshadowed the practice of imperialism later in the century. Meaning that them supporting Greece's independence was more of a selfish act, due to the reason that they only wanted to free Greece so that the Ottoman empire would loose power, causing their empire to be highly ranked with power. Sneyd Davis, and English writer wrote a poem titled "To His Friend and Neighbor Dr. Thomas Taylor," 1744, "Go, search for Athens;her deserted ports, Enter- a noiseless, solitary shore...Upon the mount where once the muses sung, Sits the gruff Turkish captain, and exacts Harsh tribute! In the grove where Plato* taught A stupid Turk is preaching ignorance." (doc 1) He clearly, is for the Greeks gaining independence. But this statement is biased, it is expressed that he has negative feelings towards the Turks, and therefore would want them to loose Greece under their power. Being as he is English, his government has taught the English nation to be against other empires, the Ottoman being one of them. Claude Etienne Savary, a French scholar of Greek and Arabic, wrote a letter in 1778 saying, "Let me not be accused of painting the Turks in darker colors that they deserve, but I have traveled through their empire and have seen the injuries of every kind which they have done...my blood boils in my veins and i would wish to excite all Europe to combine against these Turks who have crushed the Greek nation." (doc 3) For I am sure, this man does sympathize for the Greeks to some extend, seeing as he is a scholar for the Greeks. But he is also a French man, consequently, he too is biased in saying this. France at the time, was also a very imperialistic country, so he supports the Greek independence with dissenting animosity towards the Turks. James Dallaway wrote a litter to his English friend expressing some interesting thoughts. He says "The richer Greeks are very devious and intriguing, and with very limited exception, only less ignorant than their turkish masters. The lower ranks are the merriest creatures imaginable, but are untrustworthy, and awake to every advantage, (doc 5)" Dallaway shares that he doesn't necessarily "like" the Greek people, whether they be upper or lower class, but they are less ignorant than the Turks. Being a champlain to the English community in Constantinople, he is probably also a nationalist. Any nationalist would feel similar to this; believing their nation exceeds all others, which is why he vividly writes that he has little respect for either the Turkish Empire or the Greeks themselves....
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