The German Orders Pre-Revolution
There were many different stances in Germany before the German Revolution. Classes tended to stick together. The upper classes were attempting to assert themselves over the lower classes and show their power. Because of this, many concerns arose questioning the political as well as economic and social orders.
The first was the political order. The lower classes strived to find away to restore order to the German nation. Joseph von Goerres, an aristocratic German--this is known because of the "von" in his name-- that had been exiled to France published in an article to the people that the only way to restore the order and unity of the German nation was to overthrow the reigning princes, ecclesiastic institutions, the nobles, and establish a public institution. This could very well have been a biased statement seeing as the institutions that he was criticising were, in fact, the ones that had gotten him exiled to France. (Doc 2) Klemens von Matternich, another aristocrat, the Austrian chief minister, argued from the other point of view. He wrote to the Austrian Emperor stating," This evil idea [of reuniting all Germans into one Germany] must be conquered." This is most likely another biased opinion seeing as he was an aristocratic upperclassman, and this unification would most likely bring him down as well as his aristocratic cohorts. (doc 3) Like von Matternich, von Radowits, an advisor to the Prussian king, also opposed the uprising. For the same reason as von Matternich, he also wished to put down the rebellion.(doc 8) (docs used: 2,3,8)
Next came the social order. Hans von gagern, a government official, noted in a speech to the Hessian State Assembly that the people had begun to rise up, and it would not be as easy to put them down as it had in the past. Von Gagern takes the position of the people in this speech looking out for the good of the country as a whole. (doc 10) A private letter from David Hansemann, an...
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