Dbq for Differences Between New England and Chesapeake Regions

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In the 1600s, colonists from England decided to leave their homeland to travel to America or “the New World.” The two regions the colonists mostly settled in were the New England area and the Chesapeake area. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the people of English origin, by 1700 the regions evolved into two distinct societies. This difference occurred because the New England colonies was based off of escaping religious persecution while the Chesapeake colonies was based off of profiting of natural resources.

Document A was a speech called A Model of Christian Charity by John Winthrop, a Puritan traveling to New England for religious freedom. It was written on board the Arbela on the Atlantic Ocean in 1630. The speech was basically about how the Puritans should leave England and find a new place to be. The reason why is because of what happened to religion in England. He gave this impression that the Church of England, which practiced Catholic beliefs, has fallen from God’s grace and that it was not acceptable for the Puritans, whose practiced Protestant beliefs, to remain there and follow the Church of England. Winthrop believed that the Puritans should live in a community that focused more on God and religion rather than their own individual needs. He also believed that the Puritans should build a “city upon the hill”, having all the other colonies and the world look upon them as an example of pure excellence in God’s eyes. The Puritans were led to believe that they were choose by God to break away from England, or the Old World, and build a new Protestant community and if they displease God in any way, shape, or form, they would face severe consequences and punishment. However, even though they escaped the Old World for religious freedom, the Puritans were very strict with their religious views and frowned upon those who had different views. They dictated how the community would practice religion, even those who were...
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